特許翻訳のareaとregion

日本語・英語・翻訳技術

電子機器関係特許の日英翻訳を納品して爽やかな気分で朝を迎えた。今回ちょっと悩んだareaとregionの使い分けについて簡単にメモ。

電子機器や素子基板上の回路の一部分を指して「〇〇領域」というときの領域はareaか?それともregionか?

翻訳会社から支給された用語集ではareaが使われていたが、Google Patentsで同一分類(IPC:H03K19)の特許を確認するとregionを使用する例も多くあった。

H03K19/00
論理回路,すなわち,1出力に作用する少なくとも2入力を持つもの(ファジー論理を用いるコンピュータ・システム用の回路G06N7/02);反転回路

ネットで検索すると「region=領域、area=区域」とするブログ記事もあったりするが、翻訳会社やクライアントの好みの部分も大きいのだろう。

なお『新編英和活用大辞典』(研究社)で訳を確認すると「領域」についてはareaでもregionでもよさそうに見える。

region: 地方、地域、地帯;部;域;領域;部位

area:面積;地域;範囲;領域;分野

region

The physical storage is divided into named regions based on application usage in some embodiments. The NVRAM 204 is a contiguous block of reserved memory in the storage unit 152 DRAM 216, and is backed by NAND flash. NVRAM 204 is logically divided into multiple memory regions written for two as spool (e.g., spool_region).

US10310760B1 Layering communication fabric protocols

FIG. 6 depicts a top view of two parallel circuit traces separated from one another by a non-conductive region.

FIG. 7 depicts a top view of a circuit trace and a flood fill region separated from one another by a non-conductive region.

US10517169B2 Characterization vehicles for printed circuit board and system design

辞書からのコーパス

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
  1. Snow is expected in mountain regions.
  2. As in the other mountain regions, population pressure was alleviated to some extent by seasonal migration.
  3. Severe winter weather is expected in the northeast region of the country.
  4. The red spots in the caudal peduncle region are one of the unique characteristics of this species.
  5. In turn the rural regions become much more productive as farmers appreciatthe ever-present and growing demand for food from the urbanites.
  6. Alzheimer’s disease affects the regions of the brain that control memory.
  7. However, this does not take into account the different sizes of the populations of working age between the regions.
  8. In this regard, fundamental changes are required in organizational patterns of scientific and technological activities in the region.
  9. There have been reports of fighting in the region.
  10. These changes have brought about a reduction of inequality in education throughout the region.
  11. The soil varies widely in this region of the country.

area

The signal bumps at the peripheral area may form ring or rings at the peripheral area near the edges of the logic drive package, with 1 ring, or 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 rings. The pitches of the signal I/Os at the peripheral area may be smaller than that of the P/G I/Os at or near the central area of the logic drive package.

US10608642B2 Logic drive using standard commodity programmable logic IC chips comprising non-volatile radom access memory cells

 In some embodiments, the CSLS comprises a single N-well and 7T (seven transistor) level-shifter that can save area between voltage domains with limited voltage differential. Further power is saved by steering current between the input two rails.

US10666259B1 Current steering level-shifter

辞書からのコーパス

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
  1. The concession covers an area in the department of Cesar with 100 million tons of proven reserves.
  2. The boat’s sail had an area of more than 50 square yards.
  3. Most of the actual work of book provision is operated on an area basis – in common with other functions of the library service.
  4. There were over 2 inches of rain in coastal areas.
  5. There were several damp areas on the living room ceiling.
  6. They fund research in areas like information technology.
  7. Their apartment has a large kitchen area.
  8. There is a shortage of water in many areas of the world.
  9. It may be difficult to move areas since many local authorities and some housing associations operate strict residence restrictions.
  10. The cost of electricity has risen in our area.
  11. Raul grew up in a poor area of Buenos Aires.
  12. The larger size of authorities has produced complaints about remoteness from rural areas.
  13. The boat has a sleeping area at one end.
  14. After an hour’s work, I had only cleaned a small area of the carpet.
  15. There’s a smoking area behind the building.
  16. a no-smoking area
  17. The rate at which an ice cube melts depends on its surface area.
  18. Calculate the area of the walls and ceiling before you buy the paint.
  19. The President has won new support because of his reforms in the areas of health and education.
  20. Nordstrom does research in the area of heart disease.
  21. They notify schools and day care centers when a moderate-risk offender moves into the area.
  22. Police think the crime was committed by someone from outside the area.
  23. The property encompassed about eighty thousand acres, seven times the area of Manhattan Island.
  24. Only cheeses made in this area may be labeled “Roquefort.”
  25. Maricopa County started growing faster than any urban area except San Antonio